Focos de atención

Títulos similares

Attorney, Attorney at Law, Attorney General, City Attorney, Counsel, Deputy Attorney General, General Counsel, Real Estate Attorney, Tax Attorney, Family Law Attorney, Healthcare Attorney, Corporate Counsel, Prosecutor or District Attorney, Law Professor

Descripción del trabajo

Formal laws have been around since ancient times, and have gotten very complex over the millennia. Today’s modern legal system is an often confusing (and conflicting) jumble of international, federal, state, and local laws and regulations. Our system is often such a mess that it’s sometimes necessary to consult with or hire a legal expert for help.

Lawyers (also known as attorneys) serve as a bridge between their clients, the legal system, and any other parties or organizations involved in the matter. Their job requires a unique skill set that includes persuasive communication and the ability to research and interpret laws and prior cases.

Most Lawyers specialize in a specific area, such as criminal law, family law, personal injury law, tax law, and others. In the US, much of our common law system operates on the principle that decisions made by higher courts bind lower courts in similar future cases.

So, no matter what area a Lawyer practices in, they must be able to figure out areas where their case is similar to previous cases, look for precedents, and then use that information as a basis for their arguments! 

Aspectos gratificantes de la carrera
  • Engaging in interesting legal cases
  • Helping to pursue fair and just outcomes for clients
  • Opportunities to make lasting impacts that reach far beyond their particular cases
  • Potentially lucrative salaries
2022 Empleo
2032 Empleo proyectado
La primicia
Responsabilidades del trabajo

Horario de trabajo

  • Lawyers generally work at least full-time jobs in offices but with occasional travel required. As Indeed notes, lawyers working for small and medium-sized firms work an average of 42 to 54 hours per week, while those at large firms may average 66 hours per week!

Tareas típicas

  • Meet prospective clients to discuss their situations and consider taking them on
  • Discuss fees and potential overall costs
  • Decide what fee structure to use, hourly or flat fee (fixed rate)
  • Work with the firm’s legal secretary to ensure new client intake is performed and upfront retainer fee is paid, as needed
  • Advise clients on legal rights and obligations
  • Solicit further information and details from the client regarding their situation
  • Coordinate with third parties on behalf of the client, as needed.
  • These may include:
  1. Arbitrators
  2. Court Reporters
  3. Expert Witnesses
  4. Insurance Adjusters
  5. Mediators
  6. Mental Health Professionals
  7. Police and Law Enforcement Agencies
  8. Tasadores inmobiliarios
  9. Reporters and Journalists
  10. Tax Advisors
  11. Translations
  • Arrange meetings and interviews with relevant parties
  • Research case law to inform strategies and help build arguments
  • Intertrep laws, rulings, and regulations
  • Prepare and file legal documents, such as lawsuits, appeals, wills, contracts, and deeds
  • Present facts in writing and verbally to clients or others
  • Talk with opposing attorneys to work out problems
  • Advise and represent clients in courts, before government agencies, and in private legal matters

Depending on the area of law, Lawyers may also:

  • Prepare and file lawsuits
  • Prosecute or defend clients in court. Argue on behalf of clients during trials
  • Arrange meetings and negotiate settlements between parties
  • Draft and review legal contracts, agreements, releases, and other documents
  • Negotiate contract terms
  • Navigate complex co-ownership of intellectual property rights
  • Work with banks, investors, grant issuers, or other stakeholders
  • Deal with employment issues related to unions and business associations

Responsabilidades adicionales

  • Consult with senior associates and partners
  • Collaborate with clients’ affiliated staff
  • Completing continuing education courses
  • Stay abreast of changes in the law
Habilidades necesarias en el trabajo

Habilidades blandas

  • Capacidad para trabajar de forma independiente
  • Atención al detalle
  • Compostura
  • Orientación al servicio del cliente
  • Empatía y paciencia
  • Dominio del inglés
  • Ética
  • Flexibilidad
  • Integridad
  • Habilidades de negociación
  • Organización
  • Persistencia
  • Persuasión
  • Psicología y gestión de activos humanos
  • Resolución de problemas
  • Ingenio
  • Buen juicio y toma de decisiones
  • Pensamiento estratégico
  • Gran capacidad de comunicación
  • Gestión del tiempo

Habilidades técnicas

  • Case management software (Clio, MyCase, PracticePanther)
  • Software de consulta de bases de datos
  • Privacidad y seguridad de los datos
  • Digital filing and document management
  • E-discovery skills; e-filing procedures and platforms
  • General familiarity with computers and office programs, printers, scanners, and photocopy equipment
  • Conocimiento de los programas y equipos de presentación visual y videoconferencia  
  • Legal accounting, tax, and analytical software
  • Legal citation
  • Legal databases and resources (LexisNexis, Westlaw, Bloomberg Law, etc.) for case law, statutes, and legal precedents research
  • Legal project management
  • Legal research skills
  • Programas de gestión de proyectos
Diferentes tipos de organizaciones
  • Empresas
  • Organismos gubernamentales
  • Organizaciones sin ánimo de lucro
  • Private law firms
  • Solo practice
Expectativas y sacrificios

The legal profession can be mentally and, at times, emotionally taxing. The job may involve dealing with difficult or distressed clients. Important cases may require extra hours at the office and can put a lot of stress on Lawyers. As a result, balancing work and personal life can be challenging.

A Lawyer’s reputation can make or break their career, so a lot is riding on every case they take on. In particular, private attorneys should be very objective when considering whether to take on a client or not. Ideally, they must try to take on cases where they have a strong chance of achieving a successful outcome. There can be a ton of pressure to meet deadlines and win cases.

Public defenders, conversely, usually have to take the cases they are assigned, but they must still do their best to help their clients win or get the best deal possible.  

All Lawyers have strict ethical and professional obligations, based on written guidelines and codes of conduct. They must take an oath of office to practice law in their state, and those who violate their oath could risk being sanctioned or disbarred

Tendencias actuales

Technology is impacting the legal profession in several ways! For example, remote and hybrid work models are prompting law firms to reassess the way they do business.

The integration of AI and automation tools is helping to make legal processes more efficient, keeping costs down. Firms are investing heavily in cybersecurity to protect their IT infrastructure and avoid data breaches, and they’re also leaning heavily on digital platforms to attract clients and talent.

There are also trends related to the economy. Financial pressures are driving innovations in fee structures and operational efficiencies as law firms try to align their services with client expectations.

¿Qué tipo de cosas disfrutaba la gente de esta carrera cuando era más joven...

Lawyers were probably always interested in the law or rules in general. They tend to be avid readers who are also outgoing and persuasive. Some get into the profession because they want to make a difference in a particular area that may have troubled them when they were younger, such as witnessing an injustice.

Lawyers must be able to juggle multiple responsibilities at once, from keeping an eye on budgets to negotiating settlements or preparing for courtroom battles. Developing all the required traits takes years, starting in high school or even before! 

Educación y formación necesarias
  • Lawyers must first earn a bachelor’s followed by a Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree, typically from an American Bar Association-accredited law school (most states require Lawyers to graduate from an ABA-accredited school to be licensed)
  1. Note, that a J.D. degree is a graduate degree, but not a master’s. Technically, it’s a professional doctorate designed to be completed in three years
  • There’s no particular undergrad degree required, but pre-law majors such as political science, economics, history, English, communications, or philosophy may be helpful
  • Some Lawyers major in a topic related to the type of law they plan to specialize in. For example, a patent lawyer might need a STEM degree; a tax lawyer might want to major in accounting or finance)
  1. Note, in certain states and situations, a person can become a lawyer without a J.D., through supervised self-study
  2. California, Virginia, Vermont, and Washington allow aspiring Lawyers to go through an apprenticeship with a practicing attorney or judge, but there are numerous requirements to meet—plus it may be difficult to find a willing mentor!
  3. As of this writing, Georgia, Maine, North Dakota, Oregon, and South Dakota are also considering alternate licensure pathways
  • In addition to grades, law schools consider the reputation of the school where you earn your undergraduate degree. Some schools are known as “feeder schools” for law programs. Top feeder schools include:  
  1. Universidad de Yale
  2. Universidad de Stanford
  3. Universidad de Chicago
  4. Universidad de Columbia
  5. Universidad de Harvard
  6. Universidad de Pensilvania
  7. Universidad de Nueva York
  8. University of Virginia
  9. University of California–Berkeley
  10. University of Michigan–Ann Arbor
  • Many students prepare for law school by participating in a pre-law summer program. This can expose aspiring attorneys to a range of topics as they develop skills in research, critical thinking, and communication. Doing these programs also looks great on a law school application!
  • Law school application requirements can vary. To apply to a law school, applicants must typically either submit the Law School Admission Test (LSAT) or, in some cases, Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores
  1. The LSAT is the standard test required because it assesses key skills needed for success in law school. However, some law schools do accept GRE scores
  2. The LSAT focuses on reading comprehension, analytical reasoning, and logical reasoning. It’s divided into multiple-choice sections and a writing sample, assessing skills crucial for law school success
  3. LSAT scores range from 120 to 180, with law schools using these scores as a critical factor in admissions decisions

                           1) Law programs may list their required minimum LSAT scores, but to be competitive you’ll probably have to exceed that minimum score!

                           2) Top-ranking law schools may require a 160 or higher. Top 10 schools may want to see 170 or higher

  • Los cursos de la Facultad de Derecho se centran tanto en temas generales, como la redacción jurídica, como en áreas de estudio específicas, como el derecho contractual
  • Top firms may look for graduates from a T14 law school (i.e., one of the top 14 law schools in the United States)
  1. T14 schools are known for their prestigious academic programs, highly competitive admissions, established alumni networks, and strong career prospects for graduates
  2. The rankings are subject to change, but the T14 list (published by U.S. News & World Report) usually features the same institutions  
  • After the J.D. degree is finished, graduates study for their state bar exam. They must pass in each state they want to practice unless there is a reciprocity agreement
  1. The National Conference of Bar Examiners offers details about state and jurisdiction requirements
  1. Note, that simply passing the bar exam doesn’t guarantee a license to practice; lawyers must also be approved by an admitting board
  2. Hay varios factores que pueden inhibir la capacidad de admisión, como las condenas por delitos graves, los problemas éticos o el abuso de sustancias.
  • To stay current on legal changes, Lawyers must complete ongoing educational requirements every 1 to 3 years
  • Law school graduates can also go on to pursue an LLM, or Master of Laws—an advanced, postgraduate academic degree in law—to specialize in a particular area such as tax law, international law, or human rights law
Cosas que hay que buscar en una universidad
  • Make sure you earn your bachelor’s from an accredited school to qualify for law school
  • If possible, consider trying to get into a popular “feeder school” that is known for preparing graduates for law school
  • Lawyers can major in anything for their bachelor’s but it will help your application for law school to have applicable coursework done in classes like political science, history, law, public speaking, English, or topics related to the type of legal area you want to specialize in
  • Ensure your law school is fully accredited by the American Bar Association, if possible. Not all programs are, but they should all be at least accredited by a state bar association
  • Do your homework on your dream, target, and safety schools, and keep track of the various requirements in an organized manner
  • Top firms may give preference to graduates from top law schools, which are very tough to get into and have rigorous standards
  • Screen each program’s website to learn about enrollment and graduation data, as well as program admissions requirements
  • Busca organizaciones estudiantiles que puedan ayudarte a crecer profesionalmente
  • If financials are an issue and scholarship opportunities are limited, check out the 20 Most Affordable Law Schools, per Best Value Schools. These schools also have higher acceptance rates
Cosas que hacer en el instituto y la universidad
  • En la escuela secundaria, perfecciona tu capacidad de expresión oral y escrita y participa en actividades que ofrezcan funciones de liderazgo o gestión
  • Front-load with classes on speech, English composition, debate, philosophy, psychology, ethics, technology, business, and anything that might help you before starting college
  • While doing your bachelor’s, prepare for your J.D. by taking political science, history, law, English, or related topics
  • Busca oportunidades para perfeccionar tus habilidades de oratoria y liderazgo
  • Decida si puede asistir a tiempo completo o si tendrá que ir a tiempo parcial debido a su trabajo u otros compromisos
  • Considera si te convienen más las titulaciones online o híbridas, o si puedes asistir en persona. Todas las opciones tienen sus pros y sus contras.
  • Join legal student organizations like Phi Alpha Delta or clubs that help you learn and network
  • Look for internships or clerkships that might turn into jobs one day, if you play your card right!
  • Volunteer at a legal aid organization
  • Trabaja estrechamente con tu asesor académico para que te mantengas en el camino y te gradúes a tiempo
  • Each area of legal practice differs a bit from the other, so try to determine the legal specialty you want to pursue
  1. For example, as Juris Education writes, “If you know you want an exciting career where you’re spending more time in the courtroom than outside of it, you may want to eliminate options like tax law, which involves a significant amount of paperwork and little to no time in front of a jury.”
Lawyer Roadmap
Lawyer Roadmap
Cómo conseguir tu primer trabajo
  • Work with your school’s program or career center to locate and apply for jobs. Many schools work closely with firms that recruit graduates!
  • Many attorneys get started as interns or clerks. They might have offers waiting for them once they pass the bar, so apply for internships or clerkships!
  1. Even if the firm where you intern doesn’t or can’t hire you as a Lawyer, their references to potential employers can make a huge difference
  • If needed, make sure to pass the Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination (MPRE) before taking your bar exam
  • Comunica a tu red de contactos cuándo te vas a graduar y piensas empezar a buscar trabajo
  • Review job postings on portals such as or
  • Check out tips to make your resume impactful and compelling. Draft a cover letter that you can customize for each job you apply to
  • Make sure your resume and cover letter are error-free. Think of them as work samples, a preview of the kind of attention to detail you give your writing
  • Solicitar la aprobación previa de los profesores y supervisores pertinentes para incluirlos como referencias u obtener cartas de recomendación de ellos.
  • Hone your interview skills by reviewing Harvard Law School’s Interview Questions
  • Read news about the legal area you want to practice in. Be ready to discuss your insights about relevant trends and changes during interviews
Cómo subir la escalera
  • New Lawyers who work in firms generally serve as associates and advance their way up to partner status through years of high-performing work
  • Some Lawyers start their own firms or become solo practitioners. To succeed on your own, you’ll need to learn about business and marketing
  • It’s critical for attorneys to maintain the highest ethical standards and to avoid (and help their clients avoid) incidents that jeopardize their reputation
  • Sometimes Lawyers begin in a completely different practice area, then switch to another area after doing certifications to qualify for working in the trade
  • Those with enough talent and ambition might launch their own practice or branch out into other roles
  • Sea un negociador firme y haga buenos tratos para sus clientes
  • Lawyers often juggle multiple cases but must prioritize without neglecting any client
  • Consider additional degrees; many J.D. holders go on to get a Master of Laws to supplement their knowledge
  • Apply for postgraduate fellowships
  • Stay ahead of the curve when it comes to tech-driven industry changes. 
    Utilize legal software programs and automation processes to boost productivity
  • Engage with professional organizations to learn, build connections, and have fun!
  • Always keep learning and becoming more proficient in your area of expertise 
Herramientas/recursos recomendados

Páginas web


  • How to Successfully Litigate a Personal Injury Case, by Andrew J. Smiley Esq.  
  • So You Want to be a Lawyer: The Ultimate Guide to Getting into and Succeeding in Law School, by Lisa Fairchild Jones Esq., Timothy B. Francis, et al.
  • The Game Changing Attorney: How to Land the Best Cases, Stand Out from Your Competition, and Become the Obvious Choice in Your Market, by Michael Mogill 
Plan B

The job of a Lawyer can be stressful at times, with long hours and demanding clients. That’s why many people in this profession can experience symptoms of burnout. If you’re curious about some similar occupations, check out the below list!

  • Arbitrator, Mediator, and Conciliator
  • Liquidador de siniestros
  • Compliance Officer
  • Equal Opportunity Representative  
  • Ethics Officer
  • Fraud Examiner
  • Human Resources Specialist
  • Judge and Hearing Officer
  • Especialista en relaciones laborales
  • Legal Assistant
  • Ombudsman
  • Paralegal
  • Policy Advisor
  • Especialista en gestión de riesgos
  • Agente de ventas de valores, materias primas y servicios financieros


Cursos y herramientas en línea